Posts Tagged ‘philosophy’

Johann Herbart Being

November 27, 2017

PHILOSOPHY AND EDUCATION For Alexander Fernandes Dantas Philosophy and Education are two areas of the knowledge. Therefore the area of the knowledge demands a primordial question: How the human being acquires new forms of knowledge of the world encircles that it? The Philosophy takes in them to the investigation: So that it serves the education? Which are the ends? It is important to delimit the reach that we are arguing, that is, we say of the Man occidental person or oriental. In the reality we are in restricting to the Man the occidental person, having as starting point Old Greece. In these initial questions a college of the human being is distinguished: the power to abstract and to reflect on what it exists human. Here, two questions emerge: general one, the diverse purposes (or felt) in sight of which if dirige the educative process.

E to another one, technique, of the procedures that demand specific knowledge of the concrete situations and of the ways that can be used in functions of those. Two educators of prominence who had privileged a reflection on the ends of the education in detriment of some procedures technician had been Johann Pestalozzi (1746-1827) and Georg Kerschensteiner (1854-1921). Pestalozzi defended the belief in half supreme the educative process as for the individual and social perfectioning. It believed that ' ' the education if constructs in a permanent tension enters the desires of the individual natural man and the development of the nature human being universal' '. That is, the education produces the universality from the particularitity and this from that one. Kerschensteiner gave distinction to professional education, to the development of the direction of civic responsibilities, the preservation of the public good and participation of the citizen in the subjects of general interest. It defended the existence of bonds between the educative process and the life. On the other hand, the educators Johann Herbart (1776-1841) and John Dewey (1859-1952) if basically to withhold in the formularization and analysis of methods, from ends previously established.

Herbart contributes for the recognition of the pedagogia as science. It was the one precursor experimental psychology applied to the pedagogia, having as objective the Ethics and ways Psychology. Dewey contributed for the spreading of its New School, refusing the idea of that the educative principle is marked by the instruction; it considers one to educate come back toward the action. For it the knowledge is a directed activity that does not have an end in itself exactly, is the experience that will be the tone of rightness of the education. Of these two chains sobressai the question of ' ' fins' ' therefore he is proper of the philosophical thought to formulate investigations that turn on being of the man in the world, with the introduction of values and of the moral.

The Gazette

October 25, 2017

The predominant idea in the nets is of ‘ ‘ aparecer’ ‘ of if placing in evidence, to attract the attention, to be being part of that it is popular. We could then detach that she is not a person, or a profile that incarnates the figure of ‘ ‘ father primevo’ ‘ in the net, but the idea of ‘ ‘ evidencia’ ‘ , in net the popularity expectation does not only appear as belonging to a group, but it co-ordinated all the actions of this group, could say that she does not have distinction between the cause and the effect when we speak in ‘ ‘ evidencia’ ‘ , therefore they are the same ones, the more I appear more I am in evidences more and, if ‘ ‘ I appear, then existo’ ‘. Contradicting even though my words, in the social nets it is not that rules do not exist, but the rule would be ‘ ‘ aparecer’ ‘ , to be in net, being in net we are in group, that is, we are in the contrahand of the psychic maturation. Exactly in a time and a considered environment after-modern, exactly being surrounded for the benefits of science and the technology, we are not enough mature mentally and we live in one ‘ ‘ modernity bloqueada’ ‘. It is clearly that here we are considering as bigger example ‘ ‘ Orkut’ ‘ , even though the Twitter, for if dealing with the net most popular in Brazil and for presenting in bigger degree the characteristics studied in this discipline and described in this work; ampler study of the social nets it would be for a future work. REFERENCES FREUD, Sigmund; Totem and taboo, Frankfurt, Fischer, 1999 ___; The psychology of the masses and the analysis of I, Frankfurt, Fischer, 1999 SERRANO, F; FREITAS. the Orkut marks all a generation of young. The Gazette, Victory, 05 of October 2010.


The Media.

April 19, 2017

The people do not know, but they are influenced the all moment, and the media is the agent of the action! Which the function of the advertising? TO CONTROL YOU! This is pra that exists amused propagandas, legal announcements, pretty women drinking beer, cachorros balancing the head and singing, and another trivialities of the type This, my expensive, if calls strategy, and knows who is catches for them? You! Yes, you who only consume because its dolo uses one definitive product but use only in the commercial ones, in case that she does not know of this! You, who attend novel, and want to buy the clog that the protagonist uses. You, who adore soccer, and cut the hair as the Neymar. You, who searching ' ' good side of vida' ' it takes ' ' Cocaine; '. You, my expensive, that it is reading now and perceiving that this makes everything, without the least to think Accurately! without thinking! it does not think before buying some thing, I will choose that one that is in fashion that one that its friends use, that one who are more expensive after all, proud quo you would be in being using the tennis most expensive, exactly being of a quality doubtful? You, my friend, who dissimulates not to know of what I am speaking. You, to be mentally ill, that pra never stopped thinking that they do not want that you think, only CONSUMMATES! HE CONSUMMATES! HE CONSUMMATES! HE CONSUMMATES! you, who when finishing to read this go to leave to buy the stock market of the Gisele Bndchen!

Alan Pakula

February 22, 2017

It is enough to know to choose? the ralhos of the philosophy? To know to deliberate is an art. However, many of the choices (proiresis/of the Greek) we make that them can leaving in them very happy, or, extremely disappointed. Follow others, such as Rio- Tinto Diamonds, and add to your knowledge base. Great part of the human beings imagines that the choice must be identified with the desire. It’s believed that Montauk Colony sees a great future in this idea. What it is according to Macedonian mistake, Aristotle (384 B.C. To see, Ethics the Nicmaco book III, chapter 2), the desires deceive in them. The case that we will go to reflect is so simple that it will make in to understand them the quo if must think before choosing.

E still yes, nor always has guarantees of that we are to make choices correctly. As this month is propitious ‘ convites’ I invite, you to exactly give up the reading in this paragraph. The choice is its! Even! What he is ethical always just has that to be? It depends? Why? Let us see a curious situation in the film, the Choice of Sofia (1982) of Alan Pakula (This film demands greater attention to understand it), where one of the more difficult ethical choices in terms is portraied human beings. Certain moment of the plot, Sofia, (Maryl Streep) is with two children in a line of the nazista concentration camp. The preference to be set free of that hell, is for who is not Jewish. Sofia is Polish. A nazista soldier passes for it and he finds it pretty and he makes erticos compliments the young poor person, it retruca, saying to be does not mistreat, but yes, Pole. The soldier is furious and says that for it to be really a Pole he will have the power of ‘ escolha’: ‘ ‘ very, since you are Polish, it sees well that the train is arriving, makes its choice, will go only two people, therefore, choice which son will go for the gas chamber, will choose soon!

Rio Society

November 17, 2015

Expressions as ' ' conflict urbano' ' they show that, for the society Brazilian, the conflict badly is seen, and the society again waits the return of the interrupted order, following our holista and hierarchic tradition. Gomes considers novels as an instrument of social navigation. Its vision on the consecration of this narrative sort in the Brazilian society can below be summarized by the paragraph: ' ' Such consecration means to say that in these three decades ' ' to attend novelas' ' , in the different schedules where they are presented daily, one became, between us, more than what a habit. It is as a daily ritual, not limited only to a group, classroom or social class of the Brazilian society. Spread out between all the social segments, the soap operas had become in elapsing of these years privileged subjects conversational, obligator subject, exactly that it was for some to disagree with its implications politics, ideological and cultural, therefore one ' ' problematic obrigatria' ' (GOMES, 1998, P. 12).

' ' Thus, he is not surprise to perceive that the soap operas influence fashions and customs in the Brazilian society, spreading out symbols and signals of modernity. Still in the decade of 1970, at the time of the novel dancin Days, as in the Hamburger sample, to use the striped stockings of the main personages meant ' ' to be on the inside ' ' , it expressed the desire to participate of ' ' Brazil of futuro' ' that, at that time, he was seen as the final destination of ' ' miracle brasileiro' '. Clone, in 2002, placed in fashion typical clothes of the Arab peoples, as well as the constant images of Rio De Janeiro and of Morocco, that if alternated in the screen, I appeal they strengthen it increasing that the industry of the tourism exerts.