Harvard University

We will have serious problems if many people of color begins to reside here. Are you going to charge us with the problems that bring?, Wiston Churchill said in February, 1954 during a stormy meeting of his Cabinet. The Prime Minister was convinced that the immigrants had no other intention that take advantage of the British system of social security and step increase crime rates. Fifty years later, the thesis of Churchill have become political dogma. The arguments have sophisticated, but the spirit remains the same. Migration policies take precedence the obsessive control of borders, with a cost that only five industrialized more protected round the 12,000 million euros annually. In the case of Spain, expenses have increased to an extent that rubs the obscenity. Zeal when it comes to restricting the entry of persons only is comparable with the determination that circulate all else.

There is no public declaration of the EU that is complete without a plea to favour of the liberalization of goods, services and capital, which imposes unceremoniously in the new global economy. Unfortunately, the faith in the free market adapts to the circumstances: EU aid to agriculture triple each year the GDP of all West Africa, but ruined by the European unfair competition Senegalese farmers should stay home. This double standard has implications that go far beyond an ethical dilemma: while European leaders walk through summits like the Lisbon discussing objectives of development, the way their Governments hamper and affect the international movement of people implies a drag on global prosperity. If we want to contribute to the development of poor countries, a fair and intelligent immigration policy is one of the most effective ways of doing so. The World Bank and Harvard University studies allow establishing the importance of this issue: an increase in the flow of emigrants equivalent only to 3% of the labour force in developed countries would generate benefits that they multiply by ten poor countries could expect an agreement in the round of the development of the world’s Trade Organization.

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